Amphetamine Side Effects: Common, Severe, Long Term

Truck drivers, students and athletes were especially likely to abuse amphetamines. Even recently, soldiers have been given amphetamines for endurance in battle. People with eating disorders may use these drugs to try to lose weight. People who inject methamphetamine are at increased risk of contracting infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis B and C.

See your doctor for information and referral, or contact an alcohol and drug service (services listed in the ‘where to get help’ section). If you suspect an overdose, call triple zero (000) for an ambulance immediately. Many pills or capsules sold as MDMA contain only small amounts of MDMA, or sometimes none. Powder (speed) use continued to decline among people who use meth/amphetamine – from 51% in 2010 to 19.9% in 2019. According to the 2019 National Drug Strategy Household Survey, meth/amphetamine use has significantly declined since 2001.

Treatment / Management

Amphetamines cause your central nervous system to work quickly. This could feel like a “rush” or a euphoric feeling that makes you happy and elevates your mood. This sensation is something that can cause addiction because people might look to feel that rush more often than they should, as prescribed by their healthcare provider. Talk to your healthcare provider about the medicines and supplements that you’re currently taking before starting amphetamines.

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However, some people crush the pills and snort them, creating a faster, stronger high. One of the quickest ways to get high from amphetamine or methamphetamine is to dissolve the powder in water and inject it. This method gets the drug into the bloodstream and to the brain almost immediately, creating an intense high.

Is it dangerous?

Methamphetamine resembles shaved glass slivers or clear rock salt. If you are in an emergency, in crisis or need someone to talk to, there is help. Before having any laboratory test, tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are taking amphetamine. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication. Shake the extended-release suspension (Adzenys ER, Dyanavel XR) well before each use to mix the medication evenly. Swallow the extended-release tablets whole, do not chew or crush them.

  • After the initial rush, there is typically a state of high agitation that in some individuals may lead to violent behavior.
  • This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
  • Treatment of an amphetamine overdose typically includes supportive care and administration of medications to control symptoms.
  • The first step in treating amphetamine abuse is often detoxification, which can be performed in an outpatient or inpatient setting.
  • Different types of amphetamines were available from the 1930s until the 1970s.
  • However, many addicts use alternative consumption methods to achieve a more intense high faster; snorting or injecting are most-common ways of abuse.

Research also continues toward development of medicines and other new treatments for methamphetamine use, including vaccines, and noninvasive stimulation of the brain using magnetic fields. People can and do recover from methamphetamine addiction if they have ready access to effective treatments that address the multitude of medical and personal problems resulting from long-term use. These substances confer short-term effects like increased energy how long do amphetamines stay in your system and alertness. However, prolonged use can lead to dependence, addiction, and serious side effects that damage physical and mental health. The most effective treatments for amphetamine addiction are cognitive-behavioral intervention and contingency-management models. Contingency management interventions, which provide tangible incentives in exchange for engaging in treatment and maintaining abstinence, have also been shown to be effective.

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Desirable effects of amphetamines include euphoria, alertness, and increased energy. However, amphetamine use can have life-threatening side effects. While the effects of amphetamines are almost immediate, tolerance builds quickly, which frequently increases the amount needed to produce the desired effect. During periods of non-use, the user may recall the feeling of euphoria produced by the drug and desire to take it again. As with similar stimulants, methamphetamine is most often used in a “binge and crash” pattern. Because the pleasurable effects disappear even before the drug concentration in the blood falls significantly, users try to maintain the high by bingeing on the drug.

what are the effects of amphetamines

This is the consequence of both down regulations of the postsynaptic receptors and depletion of presynaptic stores of neurotransmitter. There is always a high risk for amphetamine overdose due to its addiction potential. The high from amphetamines can make users feel increased amounts of energy, confidence, and sense of clarity. For these reasons, amphetamines can be very addicting both psychologically as well as physically due to the stimulating effects. This can take a detrimental toll on an individual’s body as there are long-term effects of amphetamine abuse which include damage to nerve cells, seizures, gross psychosis, strokes, and dysrhythmias.

Is methamphetamine addictive?

In some cases, abusers indulge in a form of bingeing known as a “run,” forgoing food and sleep while continuing abuse for up to several days. When amphetamines are used at higher doses and through routes that are not prescribed by a doctor, they can have severe adverse effects. Dopamine levels in the brain can rise quickly, and to a great extent. To avoid withdrawal symptoms, take your medication exactly as your provider prescribed it to you. Schedule a time to take it every day and stick to that same schedule for the duration that you’re taking the drug.

However, in some cases, they may be detectable by blood tests for up to five days. Amphetamine drug addiction brings with it a number of dangers and health risks. However, someone without a prescription can abuse the drug to get a ‘high’ due to its stimulant nature. They are classified as Schedule II controlled substances due to their addictive nature and propensity to be abused. You may be unsuccessful at cutting down or stopping your use of amphetamines. You may continue to crave the stimulant even though you know they’re causing persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problems.

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